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Diseases that occur due to lack of nutrients over a long period are called deficiency diseases or nutritional disease. Deficiency of one or more nutrients can cause diseases or disorders in our body. For example, wheat is rich in carbohydrates, but poor in nutrients like proteins and fats. Too much intake of wheat products results in a deficiency of proteins and fats, which reduces growth. Lack of proteins also results in stunted growth, skin diseases, swelling of the face and discolouration of the hair, and even causes diarrhoea.
Deficiency of different vitamins and minerals may also result in certain diseases or disorders. So a balanced diet is required to avoid deficiency diseases. Some diseases/disorders caused by deficiency of vitamins and minerals.
The consumption of less quantity of food than the amount required by the body is known as 'Undernutrition'. On other hand, lack of some essential nutrients in the diet is known as 'Malnutrition'.
Some of the ways you can overcome deficiency diseases are listed below.
Eat simple inexpensive foods
Eat inexpensive but wholesome food like groundnut, pulses, satto and soyabean.
Many food items lose their food value by wrong method of cooking or processing. Prolonged heating of food items, keeping cut fruits or vegetables for a longer period spoil their nutritional value.
Sprouting and fermentation
Sprouting and Fermentation help in enhancing nutritive value of food.
Prevent wastage of food
Cook the right amount of food and store the food items in its respective places. For e.g., store fruits and vegetables in refrigerator, store cereals pulses and spices in airtight containers.
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